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There have been a number of studies over the past few years on the effects of outcome imagery of performance in golf. Many of these studies have been published in the "Science and Golf" series by the World Scientific Congress of Golf. One in particular published in 2002 by Taylor & Shaw investigated the effects of outcome imagery on putting.

The study focused on 25 unskilled and 26 skilled golfers. Each group was divided into 3 sub-groups: the first practiced positive imagery before a putt, the second practiced negative imagery before a putt and the third (control group) practiced no imagery.

The main finding of the study was that negative images had a detrimental effect on putting performance of both skilled and unskilled golfers. The benefit of positive images had limited performance benefits. Thus one should avoid negative imagery before a putt. The second major finding was that outcome imagery influences performance through the mechanism of confidence.

A major benefit of positive imagery is an avoidence of negative imagery. Golfers at all levels can benefit from improving their positive imagery skills. Most PGA professionals are not qualified to assist players with improving these skills. That's why many PGA Tour players have turned to employing sports psychologists in recent years. But, of course, sports psychologists are relatively expensive.

An alternative to a sports psychologist is reading some of the great books out there written by sports psychologists. Another way is to use some great software that I'd like to recommend. A few minutes a day will improve your performance and lower your score. Check out the links below for more information.

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Golf Trip Pairing Calculator

Planning a golf trip with some friends/family? Trying to sort out the foursomes so people don't play too often with others?

Order your ready made Spreadsheet. Type in the names, print out the groupings. Minimize repeat pairings.

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Wind Caddy App

Wind Caddy will advise you on aim, distance and club so that you can play the wind successfully. It takes the guess work out of club selection.

What's new in Version 1.2?

New option to enter custom distances for each club. The algorithm will make a club suggestion accordingly. Use the right club in every condition!

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